The Groats and the Oats

The Groats and the Oats

As the steam gently wafts away from my warm bowl of porridge, I get a little feeling of happiness because I LOVE starting a cold winters day with some oaty goodness.  Because they are so delicious, I can’t help but look for them even when eating breakfast out and I love that they make regular appearances on cafe menu’s.  I often get asked about the different types of oats and the benefits of one over another especially traditional vs. quick oats, so todays post might help you clear a little confusion.

Oats are great all-rounders and are a fabulous source of whole grains, fibre, beta-glucans, a range of essential nutrients and over 26 bioactive substances.  It’s this whole package working together that are thought to help protect against chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes and cancer.

Another interesting thing about oats is their effect on the health of your gut.  Recently on the BBC2 programme ‘Trust me I’m a Doctor,’ Dr Christoffer Van Tulleken described his six week long experiment of eating 100 grams of oats each day and the probiotic effect it had on his intestinal tract.  The findings were very interesting.

The Menu of Oats

Oat Groats

The whole oat as it is harvested from the grain but ‘de-hulled’ so that the inedible husk has been removed and the oat has been cleaned, making it safe to eat. These oats can take up an hour to cook.

Steel Cut Oats/Oat Kibble/Irish Oatmeal

Oat groats cut into 2-3 pieces with a steel blade (before being rolled). Cutting the oat exposes more surface area which can be penetrated by water during cooking, making it quicker to prepare than an oat groat (around 30 minutes).

Scottish Oats

The Scots traditionally stone ground their groats and then rolled them rather than rolling out steel cut oats. The result is rolled oats that naturally vary in size and can help deliver creamy textured oatmeal.

Muesli Oats

Muesli oats are rolled to a greater thickness than other rolled porridge-type oats. As with other rolled oats, the oats are often kilned to give them a nutty taste and help prevent rancidity and then steamed and rolled to the desired thickness.

Traditional /Rolled Oats/Oatmeal

As with muesli oats, these are steel cut oats, which are then kilned, steamed and rolled to a specific thickness. They generally take around 2-5 minutes to prepare.

Quick Oats

Quick oats are the same as other rolled oats, taking the steel cut oat groats and then kilning, steaming and rolling the oat. They are simply rolled thinner to allow the oat to cook more quickly, around 90 seconds to prepare in the microwave.

This little oat dictionary is kindly supplied by Uncle Toby’s.

“Once we sowed wild oats, now we cook them in the microwave” Anon

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